Do you have any advice for handling an elementary school age child whose life is dominated by senseless little rituals? It’s become clear to us that our daughter’s behavior is consistently obsessive-compulsive in nature. For example, she won’t go to bed before checking the front door at least ten times to make sure that it’s locked. She’s anxious and worried all the time, and it’s starting to drive me crazy! Any thoughts or suggestions?
You’ve taken an important step in the right direction by recognizing that there’s a problem with your child’s behavior and that it needs to be addressed. Many parents of obsessive-compulsive children simply deny that the condition exists. Others give in and cater to the obsession, allowing it to define the child’s personality and shape the entire family’s way of life. Both of these extremes should be avoided.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disorder of the brain characterized by intrusive, anxiety-producing thoughts which express themselves in repetitive or ritualistic behaviors aimed at reducing the anxiety. When a person has OCD, it’s as if her mind gets stuck on a certain idea or image. The brain insists that danger is present and that some kind of evasive action is required even when it is obvious that this is not the case. Excessive hand-washing is one of the most common and best known examples of obsessive-compulsive behavior. Your daughter’s all-consuming concern with locking the doors is another typical manifestation of the disorder.
The origins of OCD are complex and differ from individual to individual. In some cases they are almost purely genetic in nature. In others, it is likely that environmental factors have also played an important role. OCD may arise in children who’s circumstances have required them to take on a greater degree of responsibility than is appropriate for their age.
It’s crucial to understand that an obsessive-compulsive person sees things differently than the rest of us do. The “filters” through which her brain perceives the world are askew. In an important sense, she experiences another reality.
You can help break the pattern by questioning that reality and challenging those false perceptions. At every opportunity, do what you can to help your obsessive-compulsive child reframe her perceptions and reevaluate her thoughts. When she’s on her way to check the door for the fifth time, lay a hand on her shoulder and say, “You don’t need to do that again, honey. We already know that the door is locked.” Don’t get angry if she contradicts you. Instead, gently hold your ground, but show compassion by empathizing with her emotions: “You may feel as if it’s still unlocked, and I understand that those feelings make you anxious. But there’s really no reason to be afraid.” Then prove your point by taking her to the door and trying the handle yourself.
If she comes back again, repeat the process. If you think it’s appropriate, you could try making light of the issue by turning it into a joke; for example, “Don’t tell me – did that door just unlock itself again?” OCD individuals often realize that their fears are unreasonable, even though they find them irresistible. Humor can sometimes provide the objective point of view that’s needed to break the chain.
It can also help to objectify the obsessive compulsive disorder by separating it from your daughter’s personality. In the case of a fairly young child, you might do this by selecting a stuffed animal from the toy box and dubbing it “Mr. Annoying.” When the child says, “Do you think I should go back and check the door?” you can respond, “No, that’s ‘Mr. Annoying’ talking. You don’t need to listen to ‘Mr. Annoying’ anymore.” You can achieve the same effect with an older child simply by saying, “You know that those fears aren’t valid. They’re the voices of your ‘condition’ or ‘disorder,’ and you have the power to tell them to go away and leave you alone.”
If all else fails, medication can be another option in the treatment of OCD. This approach should be adopted at your own discretion and only after a thorough psychiatric evaluation. Counseling can also be an effective tool, and should be regarded as a necessary first step toward more intensive drug-based types of therapy. Focus on the Family’s Counseling department can provide you with a list of referrals to psychologists in your area who specialize in the treatment of OCD. Our staff would also be more than happy to discuss your daughter’s situation with you over the phone. Call us for help.
For further information, we recommend that you visit the website of the
International OCD Foundation. You may also find it helpful to consult the book Brain Lock: Free Yourself from Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior by Jeffrey M. Schwartz and Beverly Beyette (available through Amazon.com and at many local bookstores). Both the book and the website are secular in nature, and as a result we can’t guarantee that all of the perspectives they represent are fully compatible with Focus on the Family’s Christian worldview. In spite of this, we believe that they contain a great deal of material that may prove useful as you seek to manage your daughter’s condition as effectively as possible.
Copyright © 2010, Focus on the Family.
This information has been approved by the Physicians Resource Council of Focus on the Family. The information provided here is for general informational purposes and should not be construed as medical advice. You should seek the advice of a qualified healthcare professional for specific questions regarding your particular situation.